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Northwestern University This paper focuses on Freud's revolutionary theory of psychoanalysis and whether psychoanalysis should be considered a "great" idea in personality. The fundamental principles of the theory are developed and explained.
In addition, the views of experts are reviewed, and many of the criticisms and strengths of various aspects of Freud's theory are examined and explained. Upon consideration, the author considers psychoanalysis to be a valuable theory despite its weaknesses because it is comprehensive, serendipitous, innovative, and has withstood the test of time.
Consequently, the author contends that psychoanalysis is indeed a "great" idea in personality. As a therapy, psychoanalysis is based on the concept that individuals are unaware of the many factors that cause their behavior and emotions.
These unconscious factors have the potential to produce unhappiness, which in turn is expressed through a score of distinguishable symptoms, including disturbing personality traits, difficulty in relating to others, or disturbances in self-esteem or general disposition American Psychoanalytic Association, Psychoanalytic treatment is highly individualized and seeks to show how the unconscious factors affect behavior patterns, relationships, and overall mental health.
Treatment traces the unconscious factors to their origins, shows how they have evolved and developed over the course of many years, and subsequently helps individuals to overcome the challenges they face in life National Psychological Association for Psychoanalysis, In addition to being a therapy, psychoanalysis is a method of understanding mental functioning and the stages of growth and development.
Psychoanalysis is a general theory of individual human behavior and experience, and it has both contributed to and been enriched by many other disciplines.
Psychoanalysis seeks to explain the complex relationship between the body and the mind and furthers the understanding of the role of emotions in medical illness and health.
In addition, psychoanalysis is the basis of many other approaches to therapy. Many insights revealed by psychoanalytic treatment have formed the basis for other treatment programs in child psychiatry, family therapy, and general psychiatric practice Farrell,p.
The value and validity of psychoanalysis as a theory and treatment have been questioned since its inception in the early s. Critics dispute many aspects of psychoanalysis including whether or not it is indeed a science; the value of the data upon which Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis, based his theories; and the method and effectiveness of psychoanalytic treatment.
There has been much criticism as well as praise regarding psychoanalysis over the years, but a hard look at both the positive and negative feedback of critics of psychoanalysis shows, in my opinion, that psychoanalysis is indeed a "great idea" in personality that should not be overlooked.
The Origins of Psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud was the first psychoanalyst and a true pioneer in the recognition of the importance of unconscious mental activity.
His theories on the inner workings of the human mind, which seemed so revolutionary at the turn of the century, are now widely accepted by most schools of psychological thought. InFreud coined the term "psychoanalysis," and for the next forty years of his life, he worked on thoroughly developing its main principles, objectives, techniques, and methodology.
Freud's many writings detail many of his thoughts on mental life, including the structural theory of the mind, dream interpretation, the technique of psychoanalysis, and assorted other topics. Eventually psychoanalysis began to thrive, and byit was established around the world as a flourishing movement.
Although for many years Freud had been considered a radical by many in his profession, he was soon accepted and well-known worldwide as a leading expert in psychoanalysis Gay,p. InFreud succumbed to cancer after a lifetime dedicated to psychological thought and the development of his many theories Gay,p.
Although Freud's life had ended, he left behind a legacy unmatched by any other, a legacy that continues very much to this day.
Whereas new ideas have enriched the field of psychoanalysis and techniques have adapted and expanded over the years, psychoanalysts today, like Freud, believe that psychoanalysis is the most effective method of obtaining knowledge of the mind. Through psychoanalysis, patients free themselves from terrible mental anguish and achieve greater understanding of themselves and others.
Principles of Freud's Theory of Psychoanalysis In An Outline of Psychoanalysis, Freud explains the principal tenets on which psychoanalytic theory is based. He begins with an explanation of the three forces of the psychical apparatus--the id, the ego, and the superego. The id has the quality of being unconscious and contains everything that is inherited, everything that is present at birth, and the instincts Freud,p.
The ego has the quality of being conscious and is responsible for controlling the demands of the id and of the instincts, becoming aware of stimuli, and serving as a link between the id and the external world. In addition, the ego responds to stimulation by either adaptation or flight, regulates activity, and strives to achieve pleasure and avoid unpleasure Freud,p.
Finally, the superego, whose demands are managed by the id, is responsible for the limitation of satisfactions and represents the influence of others, such as parents, teachers, and role models, as well as the impact of racial, societal, and cultural traditions Freud,p.
Freud states that the instincts are the ultimate cause of all behavior. The two basic instincts are Eros love and the destructive or death instinct.Sigmund Freud, writing more than books, articles and essays on psychotherapy in his lifetime, forever changed how society viewed mental illness and the meaning of their dreams.
However, controversy over Freud’s theories surrounded his experiments in whether or not they were wholly accurate scientifically. Sigmund Freud, known as the father of psychology, has developed some of the first theories of modern psychology. One of his well known theories is the structural model of the psyche.
According to Freud, most of what drives humans is buried in the unconscious mind. Stuck on writing Sigmund Freud Essay? Find thousands of sample essays on this topic and more. Sigmund Freud.
Sigmund Freud Essay. Featured Example Essay. learning theory behavorism THE LEARNING THEORY BEHAVIORISM: BEHAVIORIST GORDON ALLPORT AND BURRHUS SKINNER INTRODUCTION The behavoristic approach has exerted a strong influence on American.
Free Freud papers, essays, and research papers. Weakness in Sigmound Freud’s Theories - This essay will attempt to highlight and evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the three main theories of counselling within the module covered this term.
Sigmund Freud This is a biographical essay about Sigmund Freud sexual abuse), homosexuals could have been forced in the wrong direction. This maladjustment forces a perversion into the person which the libido takes over in the form of an obsession.4/5(2).
Psychoanalysis and psychodynamic theories were first founded by Sigmund Freud; they also included psychology theories of very famous theorists like Carl Jung, Alfred Adler, Erik Erikson, and Karen Horney who had a very broad history with modern psychology with the psychodynamic approach.