Vikings are often misrepresented or misremembered as larger than life figures, or killing machines that terrorized their opponents. Many myths about Vikings in the Middle Ages also exist. In terms of geography, the Viking Age was not only assigned to Scandinavia, but to North Germanic lands as well. Vikings settled new lands in the north, south, and east.
Visit Website The exact reasons for Vikings venturing out from their homeland are uncertain; some have suggested it was due to overpopulation of their homeland, but the earliest Vikings were looking for riches, not land.
In the eighth century A. Scandinavian furs were highly prized in the new trading markets; from their trade with the Europeans, Scandinavians learned about new sailing technology as well as about the growing wealth and accompanying inner conflicts between European kingdoms.
The Viking predecessors—pirates who preyed on merchant ships in the Baltic Sea—would use this knowledge to expand their fortune-seeking activities into the North Sea and beyond.
The culprits—probably Norwegians who sailed directly across the North Sea—did not destroy the monastery completely, but the attack shook the European religious world to its core. Unlike other groups, these strange new invaders had no respect for religious institutions such as the monasteries, which were often left unguarded and vulnerable near the shore.
Two years later, Viking raids struck the undefended island monasteries of Skye and Iona in the Hebrides as well as Rathlin off the northeast coast of Ireland.
For several decades, the Vikings confined themselves to hit-and-run raids against coastal targets in the British Isles particularly Ireland and Europe the trading center of Dorestad, 80 kilometers from the North Sea, became a frequent target after They then took advantage of internal conflicts in Europe to extend their activity further inland: Before long other Vikings realized that Frankish rulers were willing to pay them rich sums to prevent them from attacking their subjects, making Frankia an irresistible target for further Viking activity.
Conquests in the British Isles By the mid-ninth century, Ireland, Scotland and England had become major targets for Viking settlement as well as raids. When King Charles the Bald began defending West Frankia more energetically infortifying towns, abbeys, rivers and coastal areas, Viking forces began to concentrate more on England than Frankia.
In the wave of Viking attacks in England afteronly one kingdom—Wessex—was able to successfully resist. Viking armies mostly Danish conquered East Anglia and Northumberland and dismantled Mercia, while in King Alfred the Great of Wessex became the only king to decisively defeat a Danish army in England.
In the first half of the 10th century, English armies led by the descendants of Alfred of Wessex began reconquering Scandinavian areas of England; the last Scandinavian king, Erik Bloodaxe, was expelled and killed aroundpermanently uniting English into one kingdom.
Europe and Beyond Meanwhile, Viking armies remained active on the European continent throughout the ninth century, brutally sacking Nantes on the French coast in and attacking towns as far inland as Paris, Limoges, Orleans, Tours and Nimes.
InVikings stormed Seville then controlled by the Arabs ; inthey plundered Pisa, though an Arab fleet battered them on the way back north.
By the late 10th century, some Vikings including the famous Erik the Red moved even further westward, to Greenland. According to later Icelandic histories, some of the early Viking settlers in Greenland supposedly led by the Norwegian Viking hero Leif Erikssonson of Erik the Red may have become the first Europeans to discover and explore North America.
Danish Dominance The midth-century reign of Harald Bluetooth as king of a newly unified, powerful and Christianized Denmark marked the beginning of a second Viking age. Large-scale raids, often organized by royal leaders, hit the coasts of Europe and especially England, where the line of kings descended from Alfred the Great was faltering.
Crowned king of England on Christmas Day inWilliam managed to retain the crown against further Danish challenges. Today, signs of the Viking legacy can be found mostly in the Scandinavian origins of some vocabulary and place-names in the areas in which they settled, including northern England, Scotland and Russia.
In Iceland, the Vikings left an extensive body of literature, the Icelandic sagas, in which they celebrated the greatest victories of their glorious past.The Vikings played a major role in Northern Europe during the Middle Ages, especially during the Viking Age which was from CE to CE.
Viking Raids The . The Vikings showed no special respect for Christian churches and monasteries.
In fact, those were generally their first targets, since the Church owned so much of the wealth in Western Europe at the time. These were years of good weather and good sailing, and the Vikings ventured beyond Western Europe, and beyond England, Scotland and Ireland. They ventured as .
Eventually, Vikings abandoned the settlement at Greenland. This was most likely due to climate change.
Important trading posts for Vikings in the Middle Ages included Jorvik, Staraya, Novgorod, Kiev, and Birka. Vikings in the Middle Ages are also said to have explored the Middle East. For several decades, the Vikings confined themselves to hit-and-run raids against coastal targets in the British Isles (particularly Ireland) and Europe (the trading center of .
Chapter 17 GRQ's. STUDY. PLAY. What is the significance of Clovis's conversion to Christianity? Clovis's conversion to Christianity helped play a role in spreading unity throughout the Frankish Kingdom.
The Frankish Kingdom was able to benefit greatly from Clovis's conversion because it attracted the attention of the hierarchy of the western.