Linkedin Comment Our moral imagination is haunted by monsters--and the greatest aspect of this horror is the fact that so many monsters are real. Is the world ready to face the reality of Mao Zedong? For the last seven decades or so, Mao has been a focus of admiration among many on the Left. Many Americans have known Mao primarily through the work of sympathetic biographers who became champions of the Chinese Communist regime.
Mao was to irregular war what Napoleon and Clausewitz were to regular warfare. Yet today his insights are altogether ignored by Western analysts, who continue to look elsewhere for guidance.
The writings of Mao, however, are essential to achieving and maintaining success in the insurgencies in Iraq and Afghanistan. In his larger body of work, he stated the fundamental reality that all insurgency is strategically political and directed operationally through multiple lines of effort only one of which was violence toward mobilizing a challenge to the state i.
The need to transition from guerrilla to regular warfare was because he knew in his circumstances that lesser forms of violence could never be decisive. When weak, insurgents wage the war of the weak, using terror and guerrilla warfare.
The primary targets of violence during this strategic defensive stage are local notables and representatives of the state, as well as police and those who will rally the people against the insurgency.
As the insurgents grow stronger, the neutralization of the military becomes the objective, with the goal to achieve strategic stalemate. Ultimately, the insurgents will go on the strategic offensive. Their use opened up control of the population to the counter-state and allowed it to engage in the same mobilization of population and resources as would the state itself.
It was during the centenary of Mao Tse-tung's birth () that copies were once again printed, this time as facsimiles in English, French and German being exact replicas dated and with "First Edition" printed behind each title-page. Sometimes known as Mao Zedong, Mao Tse Tung was the founder of the Communist Party of China. He was also the first president of the People's Republic of China. Communist China was created by the Jews and serves their interests. Communist China was created by Rothschilds and their agents. October 1 , Mao Tse Tsung declared the founding of the People's Republic of China in Tiananmen Square, Beijing.
As this mobilization effort produced greater combat power, regularization occurred. Having forced a stalemate, the insurgents could then complete their regularization and take the offensive.
This process is misrepresented in U. These publications suggest that non-violent organizations build up to violence Phase I, in U. To the contrary, as Mao made clear time and again, violence is integral to all phases of insurgency.
It is merely used at a level appropriate to the situation to eliminate resistance and government presence so that insurgent politics can produce mass and resource mobilization. Violence, Mao stated, was but a weapon used by armed politicians and insurgents.
Mobilization, however, depends upon local circumstances, with local particulars often at variance with the larger organizational positions. If the insurgent organization is able to establish tight command and control C2it will dominate local activity.
Mao would be the first to point out two caveats.
First, C2 is a function of time and space. An insurgency in its early stages does not have the form it will assume later. This ignored the reality that all insurgencies look like Iraq early on, and that there is a constant drive by dominant players to establish tight C2 over dispersed, uncoordinated, and even rival elements.
The Afghan Taliban movement also fits this mold. It is still comprised of numerous local motivations and forces, but the dominant players seek unity. The present lack of unity creates the possibility of splitting the movement and is an important fact at this point in time, but Mao would correctly note that it is inevitable that greater C2 unity will be achieved unless peculiar local circumstances dictate otherwise.
Second, Mao would argue that circumstances in Afghanistan and Iraq are different from those he faced because there were no U. The case of Vietnam, however, is more relevant. In this conflict, Mao supported the Vietnamese dual approach of using military power to shatter the South Vietnamese by breaking the will of the American interlopers.
In this sense, producing American casualties in Vietnam, by whatever means, served to remove the critical element without which the indigenous forces could not survive. The several occasions when the insurgents did mass in larger numbers resulted in their decimation and exposed them further because the U.
In contrast, in Afghanistan, the failure to implement the same process creates a situation where even U. Taliban units as large as men have been identified in some areas, with complementary local presence demonstrated in incidents of terror and guerrilla action not unlike those of China or Vietnam.
With the growing resources available from the drug trade and other support, the Afghan Taliban are regularizing at a rapid rate, which bodes ill for a status quo response to the situation.
Mao highlights that violence is critical to insurgencies. Yet it was not the most important element.[Book:] “The Socialist Upsurge in China’s Countryside”, edited by Mao Tse-tung and comrades, (Peking: FLP, ), pages. A large book containing 44 articles describing the socialist transformation of rural China, with important editorial introductions.
The Communist Party of China was initially founded by Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao in the French concession of Shanghai in as a study society and an informal network.
Informal meetings were held in China in as well as overseas.
In , the Communists came to power in China under the leadership of Chiang Kai-shek Mao Tse-tung Chou En-lai. “Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-tung (The Little Red Book) & Other Works”, p, leslutinsduphoenix.com It will take a long period to decide the issue in the ideological struggle between socialism and capitalism in .
Mao was born on 26 December into a peasant family in Shaoshan, in Hunan province, central China. After training as a teacher, he travelled to Beijing where he worked in the University Library. This collection of quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-Tung forms an intriguing series of political ideas – all from one of the world’s most notorious leaders.
Chairman Mao was born in , and was the founding father of the People’s Republic of China/5().