Ethics are the norms by which acceptable and unacceptable behavior are measured.
Study Questions 1 Does Socrates make any philosophical assertions, and if so, of what kind are they? On one hand, he denies having any kind of specialized knowledge, and on the other hand, he makes assertions such as "the unexamined life is not worth living" and "no one ever knowingly does wrong.
They are maxims more than substantial claims, and cannot really be verified or disproved. Certainly, this can be said of his claim that the unexamined life is not worth living. Socrates tends to equate wisdom with goodness, seeing the ultimate end of wisdom and knowledge as being that it gives us the wisdom and knowledge to act rightly.
Wisdom would not be so valuable if it were not so intimately connected to the good. Certainly, Socrates, the wisest of men, has lived faultlessly.
If anything, he serves as evidence in favor of the claim Questions on socrates knowledge helps us to avoid evil. If he was not, what effect was he trying to exert on the jury? Socrates is quite explicit on this question. Getting acquitted is completely immaterial to him. The only thing of importance is the truth.
Rather than provide arguments in his defense, Socrates insists solely on speaking the truth, which he feels should be sufficient to acquit him if only the jury were just. Socrates points out that he has always been consistent in his behavior and his values, and he would be doing himself a great injustice to be inconsistent now.
Rather than behave differently before a court, he continues to behave as he always has. We might want to question whether all of this is true, however. This is certainly the rhetoric that Socrates employs, but his speech is so laden with irony that we should not be hasty to take his words at face value.
Certainly, he seems to accept his condemnation, but we see in his many rhetorical flourishes and his merciless attack on Meletus that pure truth is not his only aim. Perhaps he also wants to have a deeper effect on the jury, to lead them to acknowledge the unjust state of affairs that persists in the deteriorating city- state.
He sets up the model of the philosopher as one who does not have any specialized knowledge, but who is instead well- skilled at revealing the ignorance of others. To what extent do you think Socrates is correct in saying that philosophy does not consist of positive wisdom?
The answer to this question largely depends upon your conception of philosophy. This tradition includes Aristotle, Descartes, Kant, Hegel, and most other major philosophers.
These philosophers see the role of philosophy as one of provoking and critiquing thought without building any positive assertions of its own. Arguments could be made for including both Nietzsche and Wittgenstein in this camp.Three Questions of Socrates. Ever questioned the source of your knowledge?
Behind the door of conditioning a whole new world awaits you. I often talk about breaking free off the conditioning. At the end of each one of my videos is the line Discover Your Own Truth. That alone will set you free, I often say. Socrates was the first classical Greek philosipher.
Despite his foundational place in the history of ideas, he actually wrote nothing. But he is considered "one of the handful of philosophers who forever changed how philosophy itself was to be conceived.". Socrates is quite explicit on this question.
Getting acquitted is completely immaterial to him. The only thing of importance is the truth.
Rather than provide arguments in his defense, Socrates insists solely on speaking the truth, which he feels should be sufficient to acquit him if only the jury were just. Socrates points out that he has. Socrates is as remarkable for his character and actions as he is for his ideas.
Socratic Method: Perhaps the most influential innovation that Socrates left to Western culture is the technique of question and definition (The Socratic method). Socrates was one of the greatest educators who taught by asking questions and thus drawing out answers from his pupils ('ex duco', means to 'lead out', which is the root of 'education').
Sadly, he martyred himself by drinking hemlock rather than compromise his principles.
Possible Essay Questions for the First Exam Ancient and Medieval Philosophy, Fall The first exam will be on Tuesday, Sept The essays will be the main portion of the exam, but there will also be a section of short answers, so please make sure that you are familiar with all the material we covered in class, even that which isn't part of the essays.