As historian William Dalrymple observes, We still talk about the British conquering India, but that phrase disguises a more sinister reality. It was not the British government that seized India at the end of the 18th century, but a dangerously unregulated private company headquartered in one small office, five windows wide, in London, and managed in India by an unstable sociopath — [Robert] Clive. Saris was the chief factor of the EIC's trading post in Javaand with the assistance of William Adamsa British sailor who had arrived in Japan inhe was able to gain permission from the ruler to establish a commercial house in Hirado on the Japanese island of Kyushu: We give free license to the subjects of the King of Great Britaine, Sir Thomas Smythe, Governor and Company of the East Indian Merchants and Adventurers forever safely come into any of our ports of our Empire of Japan with their shippes and merchandise, without any hindrance to them or their goods, and to abide, buy, sell and barter according to their own manner with all nations, to tarry here as long as they think good, and to depart at their pleasure.
Maritime expansion, driven by commercial ambitions and by competition with Franceaccelerated in the 17th century and resulted in the establishment of settlements in North America and the West Indies.
Slave trading had begun earlier in Sierra Leonebut that region did not become a British possession until Nearly all these early settlements arose from the enterprise of particular companies and magnates rather than from any effort on the part of the English crown.
The crown exercised some rights of appointment and supervision, but the colonies were essentially self-managing enterprises. The formation of the empire was thus an unorganized process based on piecemeal acquisition, sometimes with the British government being the least willing partner in the enterprise.
In the 17th and 18th centuries, the crown exercised control over its colonies chiefly in the areas of trade and shipping. In accordance with the mercantilist philosophy of the time, the colonies were regarded as a source of necessary raw materials for England and were granted monopolies for their products, such as tobacco and sugar, in the British market.
In return, they were expected to conduct all their trade by means of English ships and to serve as markets for British manufactured goods. The Navigation Act of and subsequent acts set up a closed economy between Britain and its colonies; all colonial exports had to be shipped on English ships to the British market, and all colonial imports had to come by way of England.
Competition with France British military and naval power, under the leadership of such men as Robert CliveJames Wolfeand Eyre Cootegained for Britain two of the most important parts of its empire—Canada and India. Malacca joined the empire inand Sir Stamford Raffles acquired Singapore in Dominance and dominions The 19th century marked the full flower of the British Empire.
That office, which began inwas first an appendage of the Home Office and the Board of Trade, but by the s it had become a separate department with a growing staff and a continuing policy; it was the means by which discipline and pressure were exerted on the colonial governments when such action was considered necessary.
Partly owing to pressure from missionaries, British control was extended to FijiTongaPapua, and other islands in the Pacific Oceanand in the British High Commission for the Western Pacific Islands was created. The French completion of the Suez Canal provided Britain with a much shorter sea route to India.
Britain responded to this opportunity by expanding its port at Adenestablishing a protectorate in Somaliland now Somaliaand extending its influence in the sheikhdoms of southern Arabia and the Persian Gulf. Cypruswhich was, like Gibraltar and Malta, a link in the chain of communication with India through the Mediterranean, was occupied in Elsewhere, British influence in the Far East expanded with the development of the Straits Settlements and the federated Malay states, and in the s protectorates were formed over Brunei and Sarawak.
The greatest 19th-century extension of British power took place in Africahowever. Britain was the acknowledged ruling force in Egypt from and in the Sudan from The East India Trading Company, otherwise referred to as the East India Company or abbreviated as EITC, was a joint-stock company and megacorporation formed for pursuing and monopolizing trade with the East Indies and the Caribbean.
|India - History | leslutinsduphoenix.com||For the histories of these latter two countries since their creation, see Pakistan and Bangladesh. Since early times the Indian subcontinent appears to have provided an attractive habitat for human occupation.|
|A Brief History of the British East India Company – An Essay||Stumble A Brief History of the British East India Company Between early s and the midth century, the British East India Company lead the establishment and expansion of international trade to Asia and subsequently leading to economic and political domination of the entire Indian subcontinent. A joint stock company, shares owned primarily by British merchants and aristocrats, the East India Company had no direct link to the British government.|
|History of Mumbai - Wikipedia||It has a coastline of over seven thousand kilometers milesborders Pakistan to the west, the People's Republic of China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north, and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, it is adjacent to the island nation of Sri Lanka.|
|India from the Paleolithic Period to the decline of the Indus civilization||The first " rupee " is believed to have been introduced by Sher Shah Suri —based on a ratio of 40 copper pieces paisa per rupee. Arthashastrawritten by Chanakyaprime minister to the first Maurya emperor Chandragupta Maurya c.|
|British Empire | Origins, Countries, History, & Facts | leslutinsduphoenix.com||On being asked to hand over Bombay and Salsette to the English, the Portuguese Governor contended that the island of Bombay alone had been ceded, and alleging irregularity in the patent, he refused to give up even Bombay. The Portuguese Viceroy declined to interfere and Shipman was prevented from landing in Bombay.|
India - History: The Indian subcontinent, the great landmass of South Asia, is the home of one of the world’s oldest and most influential civilizations. In this article, the subcontinent, which for historical purposes is usually called simply “India,” is understood to comprise the areas of not only the present-day Republic of India but also the republics of Pakistan (partitioned from.
The Role of the British East India Company Essay Words | 4 Pages.
British East India Company played a significant yet strange part in the Indian. It was, at its inception, a commercial venture in the history of The British Empire, which was established in the year in the subcontinent.
The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company (HEIC) or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, Founders: John Watts, George White. The British East India Company Words | 9 Pages.
The British East India Company was an English and later (from ) British joint-stock company formed for pursuing trade with the East Indies but which ended up trading mainly with the Indian subcontinent.
Essay about The History of Apartheid in South Africa The East India Trading Company set up a post at Cape of Good Hope to supply passing ships with fruits, vegetables and meat.
The Origins of The Apartheid in South Africa Apartheid represents a mordant period in the history of South Africa.