Key elements of counselling

In this course, students receive supervised clinical training, as they learn and practice various techniques and interventions inside and outside the classroom. This is a laboratory course and will involve learning about and practicing a variety of counselling skills and interventions.

Key elements of counselling

Carl Rogers proposed that therapy could be simpler, warmer and more optimistic than that carried out by behavioral or psychodynamic psychologists. His view differs sharply from the psychodynamic and behavioral approaches in that he suggested that clients would be better helped if they were encouraged to focus on their current subjective understanding rather than on some unconscious motive or someone else's interpretation of the situation.

Rogers strongly believed that in order for a client's condition to improve therapists should be warm, genuine and understanding. The starting point of the Rogerian approach to counseling and psychotherapy is best stated by Rogers himself: Rogers rejected the deterministic nature of both psychoanalysis and behaviorism and maintained that we behave as we do because of the way we perceive our situation.

He placed emphasis on the person's current perception and how we live in the here-and-now. Rogers noticed that people tend to describe their current experiences by referring to themselves in some way, for example, "I don't understand what's happening" or "I feel different to how I used to feel".

Central to Rogers' theory is the notion of self or self-concept. This is defined as "the organized, consistent set of perceptions and beliefs about oneself". It consists of all the ideas and values that characterize 'I' and 'me' and includes perception and valuing of 'what I am' and 'what I can do'.

Consequently, the self concept is a central component of our total experience and influences both our perception of the world and perception of oneself.

Enhancing Motivation for Change in Substance Abuse Treatment.

For instance, a woman who perceives herself as strong may well behave with confidence and come to see her actions as actions performed by someone who is confident. The self-concept does not necessarily always fit with reality, though, and the way we see ourselves may differ greatly from how others see us.

For example, a person might be very interesting to others and yet consider himself to be boring. He judges and evaluates this image he has of himself as a bore and this valuing will be reflected in his self-esteem.

Person Centered Approach Note: Person centered therapy is also called client centered therapy.

What is the Person-Centred Approach?

One major difference between humanistic counselors and other therapists is that they refer to those in therapy as 'clients', not 'patients'. This is because they see the therapist and client as equal partners rather than as an expert treating a patient.

Unlike other therapies the client is responsible for improving his or her life, not the therapist. This is a deliberate change from both psychoanalysis and behavioral therapies where the patient is diagnosed and treated by a doctor.

Key elements of counselling

Instead, the client consciously and rationally decides for themselves what is wrong and what should be done about it.Surrey Counselling in Dorking, Cobham, Leatherhead, Epsom, Esher, Guildford, Woking, for anxiety, depression, addiction, obsession, relationship problems, loss of meaning & unresolved life problems.

Both psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic psychotherapy employ the basic rule of free association whereas, for example, counselling does not.

Patients are asked to communicate whatever thoughts, imaginings, memories occur to them and whatever feelings may be aroused in them during each session. Elements important in a counselling environment include comfortable seating, carpet, subdued co-ordinated colours, natural lighting, artworks, plants, large windows and views of .

The Person-Centred Approach to Therapy Dave Mearns: (Paper presented at the Scottish Association for Counselling, 31st May, For private distribution). Calgary Counselling Centre Post Graduate Counsellor Residency Training Program Identify key elements of the client’s process in making the decision to seek counselling.

3. Define elements of a suicide risk assessment and identify an appropriate course of action. A Bachelor of Applied Social Science (Counselling) offers an amazing opportunity to start a career as a counsellor. Download a course guide and apply now!

What are the Basic Principles and Characteristics of Counselling?