How did Anne and the others get through those long days?
She had an older sister, Margot. Edith was the more devout parent, while Otto was interested in scholarly pursuits and had an extensive library; both parents encouraged the children to read. In the family moved to Ganghoferstrasse 24 in a fashionable liberal area called the Dichterviertel Poets' Quarter.
Both houses still exist. Otto Frank remained in Frankfurt, but after receiving an offer to start a company in Amsterdam, he moved there to organize the business and to arrange accommodations for his family.
By FebruaryEdith and the children had joined him in Amsterdam. The Franks were amongJews who fled Germany between and Margot demonstrated ability in arithmetic, and Anne showed aptitude for reading and writing.
Anne's friend, Hanneli Goslarlater recalled that from early childhood, Frank frequently wrote, although she shielded her work with her hands and refused to discuss the content of her writing. InOtto Frank started a second company, Pectacon, which was a wholesaler of herbs, pickling saltsand mixed spicesused in the production of sausages.
Anne became a friend of Jacqueline van Maarsen in the Lyceum. He transferred his shares in Pectacon to Johannes Kleiman and resigned as director.
The company was liquidated and all assets transferred to Gies and Company, headed by Jan Gies. In December, Otto followed a similar process to save Opekta.
The businesses continued with little obvious change and their survival allowed Otto to earn a minimal income, but sufficient to provide for his family.
Although it was an autograph bookbound with red-and-white checkered cloth  and with a small lock on the front, Frank decided she would use it as a diary,  and she began writing in it almost immediately.
In her entry dated 20 Juneshe lists many of the restrictions placed upon the lives of the Dutch Jewish population. As the Associated Press reports: This hiding place became known as the Achterhuis translated into "Secret Annex" in English editions of the diary.
Their apartment was left in a state of disarray to create the impression that they had left suddenly, and Otto left a note that hinted they were going to Switzerland. The need for secrecy forced them to leave behind Anne's cat, Moortje.
As Jews were not allowed to use public transport, they walked several kilometres from their home. Along with Gies' husband Jan Gies and Voskuijl's father Johannes Hendrik Voskuijl, they were the "helpers" for the duration of their confinement.
The only connection between the outside world and the occupants of the house, they kept the occupants informed of war news and political developments. They catered to all of their needs, ensured their safety, and supplied them with food, a task that grew more difficult with the passage of time.
Frank wrote of their dedication and of their efforts to boost morale within the household during the most dangerous of times.
All were aware that, if caught, they could face the death penalty for sheltering Jews. On 13 Julythe Franks were joined by the van Pels, made up of Hermann, Auguste, and year-old Peter, and then in November by Fritz Pfeffera dentist and friend of the family. Frank wrote of her pleasure at having new people to talk to, but tensions quickly developed within the group forced to live in such confined conditions.
After sharing her room with Pfeffer, she found him to be insufferable and resented his intrusion,  and she clashed with Auguste van Pels, whom she regarded as foolish. She regarded Hermann van Pels and Fritz Pfeffer as selfish, particularly in regard to the amount of food they consumed.
She received her first kiss from him, but her infatuation with him began to wane as she questioned whether her feelings for him were genuine, or resulted from their shared confinement. He observed that Anne's closest friendship was with Bep Voskuijl, "the young typist She considered herself to be closest emotionally to her father, who later commented, "I got on better with Anne than with Margot, who was more attached to her mother.
The reason for that may have been that Margot rarely showed her feelings and didn't need as much support because she didn't suffer from mood swings as much as Anne did.
As Anne began to mature, the sisters were able to confide in each other. In her entry of 12 JanuaryFrank wrote, "Margot's much nicer She's not nearly so catty these days and is becoming a real friend. She no longer thinks of me as a little baby who doesn't count.
On 7 November she described her "contempt" for her mother and her inability to "confront her with her carelessness, her sarcasm and her hard-heartedness," before concluding, "She's not a mother to me.
With this realization, Frank began to treat her mother with a degree of tolerance and respect.Share what they know and want to know about Anne Frank and the Holocaust. Watch a BrainPOP movie and review resources about Anne Frank.
Write a diary entry from the point of view of people who helped the Frank family. Summarize what they learned about Anne Frank and the Holocaust Discuss questions and concerns.
Anne Frank, the vivacious,intelligent Jewish girl with a crooked smile and huge dark eyes,has become the “human face of the Holocaust.”. Jun 08, · June 8, , Page The New York Times Archives. After years of detective work, the Dutch Government has for the first time proved the authenticity of Anne Frank's diary down to .
Anne’s sister, Margot Betti Frank, also wrote a diary Anneliese Marie Frank, known as ‘Anne’ to her friends and family, was born in Frankfurt-am-Main on 12 June She was the second and youngest child of an assimilated Jewish family. Jun 14, · Watch video · It was 75 years ago — on June 12, — that Anne Frank received a diary for her 13th birthday.
Within a few years, she would have died in a concentration camp, but her diary survived. Anne Frank. When Anne Frank is given a diary for her thirteenth birthday, she immediately fills it with the details of her life: descriptions of her friends, boys who like her, and her classes at school.