Nonverbal communication Nonverbal communication describes the processes of conveying a type of information in the form of non-linguistic representations. Examples of nonverbal communication include haptic communicationchronemic communicationgesturesbody languagefacial expressionseye contactand how one dresses. Nonverbal communication also relates to the intent of a message.
Tonya Reiman Gender Differences in Communication Communication is the means by which ideas and information are spread from person to person. People use communication to express feelings, emotions, opinions and values, to learn and teach, and to improve their status.
Communication is therefore vital to human interaction whether between parents and children, bosses and employees or even husband and wife. The diversity and characteristics of those involved in any interaction can thus affect communication.
Taking account of any diversity in interaction rather than assuming uniformity is important to achieving effective communication. Good communication is difficult to master and can be a major source of strife in any situation or business. Gaps in communication arise when the intended message is not transmitted or the message is misunderstood.
The resultant miscommunication is mainly due to the different styles of communication amongst people. In order to understand the differences of communications patterns we should begin by considering the different elements of the communication process between the sender of the information and receiver.
In any form of communication, the sender has a message to transmit that becomes encoded. The receiver obtains this encoded message via some medium or channel e. In order for the communication process to work both the sender and the receiver must understand the codes.
As an example consider the encrypted messages that were sent during World War II. In order for the receiver to understand the message, knowledge of the code was important. We can even consider the situation of an English speaker in Japan.
For effective communication either one or both parties should be able to understand and communicate in the language of the other. Good and effective communication can therefore be affected by many things including the situation, time, culture, and gender. The assertion that gender affects communication in different ways has been accepted by a large part of the population today.
Gender differences in communication may pose problems in interpersonal interactions leading to intolerance, resentment, stress and decreased productivity. This is extremely critical in business organizations but even moreso in your everyday world and therefore an examination of these differences in the first step to understanding the issues involved and moving towards better communication.
In any study of communication, there is variability in what is meant by "communication". Some individuals may consider only the verbal attributes whereas yet others will consider nonverbal interactions -- and the smart will focus on both.
Additionally research studies have focused either on both the microscopic and the macroscopic levels of communication.
In this discussion, both verbal and nonverbal aspects of communication will be considered. Gender communication Many people use the words gender and sex interchangeably, however these words do not mean the same thing. The word sex refers to the genetic and biological status of being male or female, while gender refers to the psychological and social manifestations of being male or female, i.
Gender therefore focuses on the social construct regarding the behavioral, cultural, or psychological traits typically associated with one sex.A gender role, also known as a sex role, is a social role encompassing a range of behaviors and attitudes that are generally considered acceptable, appropriate, or desirable for people based on their actual or perceived sex or sexuality.
Gender roles are usually centered on conceptions of femininity and masculinity, although there are exceptions and variations. This paper examines the issue of gender differences in the use of hand gestures as a form of nonverbal communication. While there is perhaps a tendency, at least in the U.S., to assume that women surpass men in this particular category, the research does not support that assumption or hypothesis.
Do you hear other women talk about how they are best friends with their husbands?
Do you desperately want that for your marriage? The reality is you may never be best friends with your husband, in fact in most marriages spouses are not best friends. INTRODUCTION. The nurse-client relationship is the foundation on which psychiatric nursing is established.
The therapeutic interpersonal relationship is the process by which nurses provide care for clients in need of psychosocial intervention. Gender Differences in Communication Every race, culture, civilization, and society on this planet shares two things in common: the presence of both the male and .
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