Who Won the Vietnam War?
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December Learn how and when to remove this template message French Indochina Vietnam was absorbed into French Indochina in stages between and From tohe was imprisoned by Yuan Shikai 's counterrevolutionary government.
Inhe was captured by French agents in Shanghai and spirited to Vietnam. Keeping the French colonial administration, the Japanese ruled from behind the scenes in a parallel of Vichy France. As far as Vietnamese nationalists were concerned, this was a double-puppet government. From October to Mayduring the Franco-Thai Warthe Vichy French in Indochina defended their colony in a border conflict in which the forces of Thailand invaded while the Japanese sat on the sidelines.
Thai military successes were limited to the Cambodian border area, and in January Vichy France's modern naval forces soundly defeated the inferior Thai naval forces in the Battle of Ko Chang.
The war ended in May, with the French agreeing to minor territorial revisions which restored formerly Thai areas to Thailand. The Japanese arrested and imprisoned most of the French officials and military officers remaining in the country.
American President Franklin D. Roosevelt and General Joseph Stilwell privately made it clear that France was not to reacquire French Indochina after the war was over.
The Provisional Government of the French Republic wanted to restore its colonial rule in French Indochina as the final step of the Liberation of France. Japanese troops lay down their arms to British troops in a ceremony in Saigon We hold the truth that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, among them life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.
The latter proclaimed martial law on September The following night the Franco-British troops took control of Saigon. Truman requesting support for independence Hanoi, February 28, Almost immediately afterward, as agreed to at the Potsdam Conference and under Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers' "General Order no.
They had been sent by Chiang Kai-shek under General Lu Han to accept the surrender of Japanese forces occupying that area, then to supervise the disarming and repatriation of the Japanese Army.
This effectively ended Ho Chi Minh's nominal government in Hanoi. Leclerc's primary objectives were to restore public order in south Vietnam and to militarize Tonkin north Vietnam. In Februaryhe also forced the French to surrender and renounce all of their concessions and ports in China, such as Shanghai, in exchange for withdrawing from northern Indochina and allowing French troops to reoccupy the region starting in March This is known as the Haiphong incident.
Guerrilla warfare ensued, with the French controlling most of the country except far-flung areas. The French sent military expeditions to attack his bases, but Giap refused to meet them head-on in battle.
They failed to capture Ho Chi Minh and his key lieutenants as intended.
Two years before, the French had refused Ho's proposal of a similar status, albeit with some restrictions on French power and the latter's eventual withdrawal from Vietnam. However, France still controlled all foreign relations and every defense issue.
Within the framework of the French Union, France also granted independence to the other nations in Indochina, the Kingdoms of Laos and Cambodia. Later, as a concession to the new government and a way to increase their numbers, France agreed to the formation of the Vietnamese National Army commanded by Vietnamese officers.
These troops were used mostly to garrison quiet sectors, so French forces would be available for combat. With the triumph of the communists in China's civil war, the Vietnamese communists gained a major political ally on their northern border, supporting them with weapons and supplies.
Giap re-organized his local irregular forces into five full conventional infantry divisions, the th, th, th, th and the th. The war began to intensify when Giap went on the offensive, attacking isolated French bases along the Chinese border.
The United States began to give military aid to France in the form of weaponry and military observers. The Cold War was turning 'hot' in East Asia, and the American government feared communist domination of the entire region would have deep implications for American interests.
The US became strongly opposed to the government of Ho Chi Minh, in part, because it was supported and supplied by China. By the time the remains of the garrisons reached the safety of the Red River Delta4, French troops had been killed, captured or missing in action and 2, wounded out of a total garrison force of over 10, Also lost were 13 artillery pieces, mortars, trucks, machine guns, 1, submachine guns and 8, rifles destroyed or captured during the fighting.
China and the Soviet Union recognized Ho Chi Minh as the legitimate ruler of Vietnam and sent him more and more supplies and material aid. The year also marked the first time that napalm was ever used in Vietnam this type of weapon was supplied by the U.
This led to a period of success for the French. Caught for the first time in the open and actually forced to fight the French head-on, without the ability to quickly hide and retreat, they were mown down by concentrated French artillery and machine gun fire.The Vietnam War was a watershed in American history, exposing and increasing cracks in the social structure.
The draft discriminated against the poor, the less educated and ethnic minorities. Andy Walpole investigates how resistance to the war developed from drug abuse to organsed poitical activity, and how it helped to inform the Civil Rights Movement. Vietnam was absorbed into French Indochina in stages between and Nationalism grew until World War II provided a break in French control.
Early Vietnamese resistance centered on the intellectual Phan Bội leslutinsduphoenix.comâu looked to Japan, which had modernized and was one of the few Asian nations to successfully resist European colonization.
The role of America`s Vietnam War in Indochina in the history of the United States of America. The Vietnam War (Vietnamese: Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Vietnamese: Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November to the fall of Saigon on 30 April Location: South Vietnam, North Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, South China Sea, Gulf of Thailand.
In the early hours of 31st January , 70, North Vietnamese soldiers, together with guerrilla fighters of the NLF, launched one of the most daring military campaigns in history.
The Tet Offensive was the real turning point in the Vietnam War.
On its. Oct 31, · South Vietnam fell to the Communist North in , but the war is in the news again due to Mark Bowden’s book “Hue ” and the Ken Burns .